Below are listed various terms with explanations.
Feel free to contact us if you do not understand our descriptions, or if we have missed out something here
|33 and a third RPM||331/3||Refers to the number of revolutions Per Minute that the record should be played at. The 331/3rpm speed is predominantly used on the 12" LP format|
|45 RPM||45||Refers to the number of revolutions Per Minute that the record should be played at. The 45rpm speed was originally reserved for the 7" single format, but in the 1970s it was extended to 12" singles and so-called Mini LPs|
|78 RPM||78||Refers to the number of revolutions Per Minute that the record should be played at. The 78rpm speed dates back to the earliest flat records (as oppose to cylinders) 78s were replaced in the 1950s with the introduction of the 45 rpm single|
|Alternative||alt||Has 2 Meanings|
|Analogue||Analogue sound is best described as continuous sound, as oppose to digital sound in that the latter is a series of discrete on, off (or 1/0 True/False) signals.|
Vinyl Records give analogue sound, while CDs give digital. The most immediate audible difference is that analogue recordings sound warmer and more ronded than digital. Digital recordings are however more accurate.
|Backed With||B/W||The flip side of a single. The A side is Backed With the B side|
|Buffed||Used in reference to vinyl records, it means quite literally that the record looks as though it has been "buffed" with steel wool. Basically the record is trashed.|
|Cassette, (compact Casstette)||Cass||The Cassette is an analogue format where the music is stored on a magnetic ribbon. It emaerged at the beginning of the 70s and rose to a peak of popularity in the early 80s before CD took over. Cassettes have the advantage of being easily transportable and fairly durable, however they degrade over long periods of time and hence have very little collectors value.|
|Catalogue Number||cat No, #||The Calalogue number is the number assigned to a release by the record company. Generally different formats and/or remixes of the same release will each have their own catalogue number.|
|Clear Fronted Box||Refers to CDs packaged with no front inlay. This form of packaging has been used for picture CDs and some Promos|
|Compact Disc||CD||The Compact disc was introduced in the Early 1980s and has grown to become the single most widely used format. the music is stored digitally on a CD and as oppose to the analogue sound of vinyl records|
|Company (sleeve)||This is a sleeve which has the record copmanies design or logo on it. Typically the same sleeve was used for all releases on the label. Before the regular use of picture sleeves most 7" records were released in company sleeves. More recently they have made a comeback on promo releases. Some dealers refer to these as promo bags|
|Compact Disc Single||CDs,||A "single" CD, Please see below for the definition of a single|
|3 Inch Compact Disc Single||CD3||A "single" CD, Please see below for the definition of a single|
3" CDs were among the first CD singles to be released, they kept the distinction between album and single and were widely welcomed by the record buying public. They were however doomed.
Shortly after they bought CBS Sony announced that the "extra expense" of making CD players that could accomodate 3" and 5" CDs was unnacceptable and, being one of the largest makers of both players and discs, they easily killed the format.
|5 Inch Compact Disc Single||CD5||A "single" CD, Please see below for the definition of a single|
The 5" CDs is the same size as the CD album disc, They are ofte packaged in thinner boxes to make them easily distinguishable from Albums
|Custom||Cust (See also CCS, Below)||A Custom Item (Ususally Sleeve) is one that is exclusive to the Pressing, Usually to a Promo. We describe a promo Sleeve as Custom if it differs in ANY WAY from the final release. The Most common differences are that the promo cover will have no Bar-Code and/or the words "for promo Use Only" Printed on it. Other promo sleeves may differ entirely from the final release, featuring exclusive artwork or an entirely different packaging.|
|Custom Card Sleeve||CCS||The commonest form of Promo Sleeve Used on CDs. Many Promos are Packaged in A card sleeve or "slip case" These are cheaper to post and more convenient for DJs. The final release will usually be packaged in a Standard plastic CD box|
|Custom Radio Sleeve||Another form of Custom Promo Sleeve. The defining feature being the words "For Radio Play Only" being printed on the sleeve. Radio Promos are generally less common than those distributed to Club DJs|
|Die Cut||Card or paper sleeve with a cut out centre which exposes the label on the record or CD, Many Company Sleeves Are Die Cut|
|Flipback sleeve||Laminated sleeve where laminations only cover front and a narrow foldover on the reverse this is as oppose to earlier laminated sleeves where the plastic covers all of the front and back|
|Jewel Case||Refers to CDs packaged imaginitively in a plastic CD box but nothing else. Many older promos came in this form of packaging. (See also "Clear Fronted Box")|
|Milkiness||This is an rare problem Occuring on vinyl records, We usually encounter it where stickers or Decals have been put in with the record. The surface of the Vinyl changes Colour to Milky white in a blotchy pattern. It does not destroy the sound, but can lead to some hiss.|
|Pop-Up||Where the cover od a record or CD is made so that part of the design rises (pops) up as you open the sleeve|
|Pressing Flaw||This is "damage" that has occurred in the manufacture, Most commonly with vinyl records a small bubble or fleck of paper within the vinyl. Generally these do not seriously affect the sound. On CDs, pressing flaws are more likely to cause diffculties as any distortion in the plastic will cuase skipping|
|Standard||In our descriptons we describe a lot of promos and other special issues, this is the word that tells you there is nothing special about this item! The standard release is that which anyone could buy in the high street record shops|
|Standard Sleeve||SS||Refers to promos where the disc is different to the final release but the sleeve is not. For instance many of Oasis' UK promo CDs come in a cover identical to the final release, the discs however have the words "For Promotional Use Only" Printed on them. They also hve different catalogue Numbers|
|Single||sing, s||the Single would best be defined as a one or two song release of tracks be an artist, but life is never that simple!|
Go back to the simple days in the 50s, the single was a 45rpm 2 song release on the 7" format, 7" records that played at 331/3 RPM and contained more tracks were called EPs.
In the 70s came the 12" (or Maxi) single, predominantly used for Reggae and disco tracks, this became the standard format for much dance music. In the UK controversy first really arose with the release if Steve Silk Hurley's "Jack Your Body" in the Late 80s. Clocking in at 24 minutes this release upset the chart compilers who felt it should not be classified as a single.
A game of cat-and-mouse has ensued between record labels and chart compilers which has seen a single nailed down to a maximum song length of 25 minutes (hence the Orb's "Blue Room" being 24mins and 59 secs) and a maximum of 4 different songs. The Advent of CD has made the definition harder, while 4 different songs is the limit, no end of remixes can be fitted on a single. Many modern dance CD singles have up to 7 mixes and are longer in total than many albums!